Steilacoom Tribe History Prior to Statehood

1792
Peter Puget leads first recorded European tour of southern Puget Sound; meets Indians in offshore island area

1800
Arrival of the horse in Steilacoom territory; rapildy integrated into the culture of both the Steilacoom and Nisqually Tribes

1824
Hudson's Bay Company expedition visits a Steilacoom village.

1832
Hudson's BAy Company tarding post established in Steilacoom territory after learning that the fur trade had lready "much ruined" the beaver population of the Nisqually River

1841
Red River settlers move into Steilacoom territory from Winnipeg area; many of these were part Indian (Sioux, Cree, etc.) and intermarried with Steilacoom Indians

1849
US Army establishes Fort Steilacoom.

1851
Townsite of Steilacoom established.

1854
Treaty of Medicine Creek signed between Nisqually, Puyallup, Steilacoom, Squaxin, and other smaller Tribes and the U. S. Government.

1855
Territorial War begins in response to prposed Nisqually Reservation adn other treaty issues. Some Steilacoom Indians join in th efighting with the Nisqually, at leaast 120 are interned on Fox Island,d others stay in the neighborhood of Fort Steilacoom, some are shipped to Squaxin Island, and a few continue to work for the Puget Sounds Agricultural Company.

1856
Fox Island Council marks end to Territorial War on Puget Sound. Steilacoom leader Sam Young addresses Tribes and requests a reservation along Steilacoom (now Chambers) Creek from Governor Stevens. Reservation settlement begins; some Steilacoom decide to remain in traditional territory after no being given a reservation of their own.

1858-1860
Catholic priests on a mission among the Indians record biptisms of members "de la tribu de Steilacoom."

1858-1861
Only an estimated 32% of the members of the Medicine Creek tribes are living on reservations.

1859-1862
Town of Steilacoom has 500 residents - 100 whites and 300 Indians. Steilacoom Indians residing there are minaly in "Shacks along the waterfront."

1878
Partial census taken of off-reservation Steilacoom Indians includes Sam Young and other leaders.

1880
Rev. Myron Eells visits and photographs the "Steilacoom Indians at Home."

1883
Sam Young's youngest son kidnapped from family home on Chambers Creek by Puyallup Tribal police and forced to attend agency school.

1889
Washington gains statehood.